Exhibition Cold War


The Second World War had just ended and the ink dried on the documents from the conferences at Yalta and Potsdam in 1945 before it was clear that the victorious powers had different ambitions with the liberated Europe. In this game Churchill was the hawk, Roosevelt the dove and Stalin the fox. The Hawk wanted to attack, the Dove wanted to go home, and the Fox played out them against each other with known results. On March 5th1946 Churchill launched the term "Iron Curtain" in Fulton, Missouri about the continent's division into communist East and democratic West: "From Stettin in the Baltic to Trieste in the Adriatic, an Iron Curtain descended across the continent." Churchill was a few years ahead of his time since the Cold War in reality began in the early 1950s with the balance of terror and arms race.
This division of the world in the so-called good and evil side has characterized the Swedish defence policy from 1945 until the Berlin Wall fell down on the ninth of November 1989.

During this time Victoria fort was built and we have through our exhibition attempted to recreate the spirit of these times and how it effected the defense policy decisions, which led to a number fortress was built along the Lule river valley in the early 1960s.

The events up to the building of Fort Victoria is illustrated by headlines, front pages and articles from newspapers. Here are the major events that occurred in the world ex. Korean War, Hungarian Revolution, etc., and the spy business that occurred in Sweden during this period. The exhibition also reflects what was important, in large and small, for the citizens of Sweden during this period.

Welcome to a journey through the Cold War tracks, a period that has characterized our society and our thinking for over 50 years.